We have all dreamed of having a beautiful garden that not only adorns our home but also serves as a refuge when stress overwhelms us.
We should not be discouraged by lack of experience!
Gardening is an art that requires dedication and knowledge but can be learned slowly.
For this reason, and with the aim of helping people who have so far immersed themselves in this magical world, we have decided to collect the following
gardening tips for beginners.
- First we have to define the end of the garden A garden can be used to plant flowers of a thousand colors, create suitable spaces for recreation and
grow vegetables. Therefore, it is necessary from the beginning to define the function to be fulfilled and clearly delimit the areas for each purpose.
That way we know what we want and it is much easier to imagine how we are going to build it. If the budget allows it, it is worth hiring a landscaper to help us design it. This gives us a perfect mix of colors, heights, and positions.
- Evaluate the climate of the area Before buying the plants we must know in depth the climatic conditions of the area in which we intend to develop
our garden (hot, desert, tropical, humid, cold, etc.). In this way, when we visit the nursery,
we will be able to choose, with the advice of local professionals, flowers, shrubs, herbs and shrubs that will really adapt to the climate in which they will be planted.
In this context, we cannot ignore the so-called microclimates, which refer to specific climates of much smaller areas. For example, the microclimate in a place that receives sunlight all day is not the same as under a deciduous tree.
- Consider the intensity of light All plants need light to live, although in different amounts and intensities. For example, even if the label of a
bush says it is for outdoors, it may not withstand direct sunlight for long, or it may only resist diffuse sunlight, as is the case with orchids. Therefore, before
sow any plant, we must read the instructions carefully or ask the nursery where we buy them for advice. Therefore, we guarantee your location in the perfect place.
- Evaluate the substrate or soil There are plants that require more sandy and drained soils to live, such as cacti; others, like heliconia, prefer soils more
clayey and moist. In other words, each type needs a specific substrate. Consequently, before sowing we must know the type of soil in our garden
and cover it with organic compost. In this way we fertilize
naturally and promote biological activity in the soil, resulting in healthier plants. The same logic applies to shrubs we plant in pots.
- Water your plants at the correct frequency Most beginners believe that the more water they put on their plants, the faster and healthier they will grow.
Big mistake. Not all plants need the same amount of water to live. Normally, outdoor plants should be watered at least once a week,
but the cycle can vary according to the species, the climatic conditions and the evaporation levels of the area where we have the garden
In any case, let us remember that the irrigation is carried out on the ground and not directly on the leaves or flowers of the plants. This makes them prone to pests and rot.
- Proper fertilization Another common mistake beginners make is fertilizing new plants from the nursery. There is no need. These are usually well fertilized already. The wise thing to do is wait for them to adjust to their new home, or wait for the first potted transplant.
- Frequent pruning If we want to see our plants healthy, we need to prune them with a certain frequency to eliminate the elements that prevent the passage of sunlight to
the entire garden or its normal development (damaged flowers, rotten fruits or dried, broken and diseased branches).
Let’s not forget that the specific cut varies from one species to another; therefore, we have to inform ourselves about it.
- Acquire basic tools To be a good gardener is to acquire and choose properly the tools and utensils to maintain our garden. Some of the basic paraphernalia that we must have are:
Shovel (various sizes for different types of garden and pots)
Pruners and brushcutters
A hose and sprinklers
A hose and sprinklers
Flowerpots and containers
- Consider the height of the plants When planting our plants we must consider the height of each one of them so that as the larger plants grow, they do not deprive the smaller ones of light and make them die. Or, on the contrary, plant without taking into account the excess of sun for some.
- Seed Storage One of the best gardening tricks is to store seeds, stems and more in clean jars and in dry places. In this way we prevent them from germinating on their own.
- Let insects live in the garden Not all insects are harmful. Some, like bees and butterflies, pollinate flowers; others can be harmful if they show up too much.
In the same way, although they are not real insects, the worms feed the soil with nutrients through their excrement, aerate the soil and control its pH. In this sense there are many other animals that are good for our garden. We have to make sure they are preserved.
- Be careful with the roots There are plants whose roots can spread on the ground, which prevents the growth of the neighbors and can even affect the walls. It is better to plant them in pots or in remote places where they will not cause any harm.
- Be careful about transplanting Many garden beginners make a serious mistake when transplanting newly purchased plants. The inexperienced gardener of the
he simply takes them out of there and immediately introduces them into the previously dug hole. This can cause the roots to curl around each other and not expand, resulting in
which leads them to rot due to irrigation. The ideal thing to do during transplantation is to pull out the roots, very carefully, from the inside out until they take their natural place. East
Step is essential, especially in cases where the plant has been in a pot for too long.
- Beware of pests It is important to check the leaves and stems of plants regularly for parasites or harmful fungi. If they are discovered,
We have to cut the affected parts and burn them or dispose of them in closed containers for disposal by the responsible body. If the problem persists, no
we have another solution than to use a specific product immediately, preferably a natural product or one recommended by an expert in the field.
- Keep a list of plants Once the garden is planted, it is important to consolidate a list of the plants that we have in a single schedule, including their flowering time, fertilization, pruning and other important information for maintenance.
These 15 beginner gardening tips will get you started on this beautiful art. Ideally, of course, we should start studying as much as we can.
on gardening and botany, in order to add theoretical knowledge to practice and become experts in the field. To complete the ideal garden, it is convenient
review the accessories for the garden fauna, specifically the special outdoor furniture or barbecues. Another example of is lighting that helps
our backyard looks equally impressive day and night.